Planet of Origin: Unknown, in the galaxy of Ida
The Asgard are diminutive humanoid species which developed a benevolent highly advanced space-faring civilisation governed by a Hihg Council. They were once part of an alliance of four great races with the Ancients, Nox, and Furlings and visited Earth during antiquity and protected a number of planets in the Milky Way, mianly from the Goa'uld with whom they signed The Protected Planets Treaty is an armistice between the Goa'uld and the Asgard, first referred to specifically in "Fair Game" when Earth is included. The treaty covers 27 planets including Earth, and ensures that those planets remain free from Goa'uld domination. Other planets in the treaty include Cimmeria, K'Tau, PX3-595, the second planet of the Adara system, and Galar. . As of the 20th century, the Asgard are a dying race. Having lost the capacity for sexual reproduction, they perpetuate themselves by transferring their minds into successive cloned bodies, leading to an irreversible degeneration of their genome. They chose to commit mass suicide in the beginning of the 21st century, having arrived at the end of their degenerative cycle, by exploding thri homeworld to prevent that their knowledge fell into the wrong hands.
A renegade faction of Asgard splintered from the others 10,000 years ago over their belief that they should experiment on humans to solve their cloning problems. They traveled to the Pegasus galaxy and continued their experiments, but were forced into hiding after the Wraith defeated the Ancients.
Amongst the most significant technological advancements of the Asgard are beaming technology, intergalactic hyperdrives, advanced shiled technology and plasma beam weapons. They are very advanced in cloning techniques and have the technology to upload and store consciousnesses and transfer them to new bodies. Neutronium is a key element of Asgard technology. Source: Stargate Universe